The (Office) Walk Of Shame: Workers Who Quit Because They Are Too Embarrassed To Stay

It’s not all about the money. The real reasons why we quit range from bad bosses who make passes to wars over stolen food from the office fridge as well as shame – doing something so excruciatingly embarrassing we just have to resign.

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You might think that a chance to earn more money would be the number one reason why we quit our jobs. But you’d be wrong. Being offered more cash actually comes in at number three.

Topping the chart is the desire for a better work/life balance whether that is a job with more flexible hours or at least without the long hours most of us have to put in to get the job done.

Also making the top ten are long hours and long commute, which are basically other ways of saying the same thing: many of us are fed up with living to work and want to work in order to live.

We’ve had enough of bad bosses

The appalling behaviour of some managers is another reason why employees can’t wait to hand in their notice according to research commissioned by SPANA the working animal charity (yes, some animals work too!)

 “I thought the boss was useless” comes in at number five, “I fell out with the boss” at number nine and just making it into the top 20 at number nineteen “I had a physical altercation with the boss”. If things get violent, you know it’s time to leave (and perhaps sue?).

Despite #MeToo coming in at number sixteen for the number one most common reason for quitting is “My boss made a pass at me”.

Some of us get stroppy over petty squabbles

However, some reasons for handing in your notice are quite frankly ridiculous. Leaving because the free tea and coffee was taken away, because a colleague stole your food from the work fridge or you are not allowed to change the radio station or don’t like your desk position (all in the top 40) are a bit drastic…. There is no guarantee your next workplace will be any better.

That is why you should spend time really researching your new workplace – not just the job, but also who you will be working with including the boss, the office environment – (it might be a dingy basement not the plush interview office – and important work/life factors such as the commute to work.

Putting two fingers up to your employer

Half of us are so fed up, we just hand in our notice without having another job to go to.

Still, you can’t beat that “I quit” feeling… with half saying they felt a massive sense of relief after doing so. That probably includes those who did something so embarrassing (possibly at a work party or with the photocopier) that they just had to leave and never go back. In that case it is entirely understandable that you would not want to hang around while you find a new job.

But we’re not up to admitting why

You can see why someone would not want to admit that they had done something so shameful that they could not bear to return to work.

However, these quitters are not the only ones who shy away from the truth. One in four British workers have lied to their bosses when it comes to the real reason for quitting their jobs according to global recruitment specialist, Michael Page.

We may be leaving because we are not paid enough – or not feeling like we are valued – but we haven’t got the guts to fess up. Ironically, in this candidate-short market, saying you are leaving for a bigger salary could lead to a counter offer from your existing employer, so it might be worth making your point (after all, you are leaving anyway!)

The survey also found that one in ten just do not feel like they fit in – particularly LGBT workers, those from an ethnic minority background, workers with long-term health conditions and younger workers (aged 18 to 34.)

Top 20 reasons for quitting a job

1. Wanted to improve work/life balance

2. It was too stressful

3. Was offered more money

4. I didn’t like the company culture

5. Thought the boss was useless

6. Felt I wasn’t learning anything new

7. The hours were too long

8. The commute was too long

9. Fell out with boss

10. I hadn’t been given a pay rise in ages

11. The perks weren’t good enough

12. I felt I’d hit a glass ceiling

13. The atmosphere was dull

14. Fell out with colleagues

15. Hated my desk position

16. Boss made a pass at me

17. My ‘work best friend’ quit and it wasn’t the same without them

18. Had a physical altercation with colleague

19. Had a physical altercation with boss

20. Did something so embarrassing I was forced to move company

 

3 Success Factors In Building An Agile Supply Chain

Adaptability and agility in the supply chain are crucial in responding to fluctuations in demand and shorter product cycles.

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Today’s global marketplace is volatile and fast-moving.  Adaptability and agility in the supply chain are crucial in responding to fluctuations in demand and shorter product cycles. Agility within this unpredictable market requires that your supply chain is responsive and can deal with any sudden variations. According to most experts, there are three main success factors in effective and agile supply chains: your supplier relationships, your people, and the effective use of the supporting technology.

The FMCG sector

Organisations involved in the fast-moving consumer goods sector (FMCG) need to be able to adapt to unanticipated external shifts in customer demand.  Any company that has a constant stream of new, innovative products and services,   and is selling direct to the consumer (B2C) in the e-commerce world, needs to be doubly flexible.

Fast fashion poses real challenges. If you launch 10 000 new designs per year and you have more than 1 700 suppliers across 50 countries, you need to be both agile and quick.  Inditex, one of the largest fashion retailers in the world and the holding company of the Zara brand, does this successfully.

What contributes to its success is:

  • Market sensitivity.  Teams of retail and commercial specialists plan their products based on sales data collected on the fashion trends of target customers around the world.
  • Postponement of production.  Less than half their garments are sourced as finished products from low-cost producers. At least half are manufactured at short notice, mostly in Europe, depending on demand. 
  • Flexibility.  Manufacturing activities including labour intensive finishing operations are accomplished by a network of 300 specially trained subcontractors. 

Zara has gained accolades for its ability to swiftly implement decisions and deliver new clothes to stores faster than its competitors.  It has a supply chain that is not only agile and flexible but incorporates many lean characteristics into its processes, especially when overseeing the operations of its subcontractors.  In a lean approach, anything in the process that doesn’t add value for customers is eliminated.  Lean supply chain management is essentially about lowering the cost base and reducing waste as much as possible.   

The manufacturing sector  

In the manufacturing sector, being agile means that your supply chain must be responsive enough to deal with late deliveries and non-compliant suppliers.   The need to move raw materials, components and finished products across borders and over longer distances adds complexity.  This has resulted in longer planning time and increased levels of inventory.  Improving speed in logistics and minimising disruptions are important to gain competitive advantage and to reduce costs.  

Lean and agile supply chain solutions are often offered as an either-or option but many large global companies such as Unilever and Kimberly Clark are now embracing both approaches in their diverse operations. Having a hybrid supply chain strategy by using lean and agile approaches in combination is becoming commonplace.

Technology companies need to react quickly

 Communications and information technology company Nokiacommitted to achieving agility in its supply chain when it decided to move its manufacturing away from its home base in Finland. The company aims to refocus lower-value activities closer to component sources, thereby increasing supply chain responsiveness and streamlined logistics. “We are aligning our manufacturing strategy to increase competitiveness,” said Nokia spokesperson Mona Kokkonen. “We need to optimize our manufacturing operations so we can collaborate more closely with suppliers and be more responsive to customers’ needs.”

An I.T. systems company such as Cisco hasa highly diverse and extensive supply chain that spans the globe. Cisco has increased its agility, resilience and ability to scale by implementing new business models, a single ERP instance, standardization and automation throughout its supply chain.

The three success factors in building an agile supply chain

1.Focus on effective supplier contracts

If a key supplier fails it is necessary to have an alternative plan to avoid delivery crises and disappointing customers. In this situation, and especially if there is a sole-supply agreement, contingency plans must be put in place. Multiple supplier relationships for the same goods or services are sometimes necessary to reduce risk, but this comes at a cost. 

2. Build an agile team

The most effective people are those who are alert to external changes and market trends that may affect the business. They need to have a sense of urgency as well as being flexible. Exchanging information with suppliers, listening to customers and being aware of impending disruptions are all activities that, when acted upon, will set you ahead of the competition.  

3. Apply the right technology

Leaders in agile supply chains connect their supply chain partners on a shared technology platform, often cloud-based, so that they all have access to the same data in the same timeframe. Procter and Gamble (P&G) and Wal-Mart both speed up decision-making by analysing data on order status, inventory, shipments, documents, and payments.  The resulting information provides insights into future demand and facilitates forecasting.  

Supply chain agility delivers results when a company can quickly detect changes, opportunities and threats in the external environment AND act on this information speedily. This responsiveness depends on the ease of accessibility of usable real-time data and the electronic means by which to share it. 

Competition is fierce so organisations need to be alert and responsive to turbulent changes in the external environment.  As industrial and retail supply chains become more complex agility will become a real factor in a company’s survival. The use of appropriate technology will be a key success factor but only with the active involvement and support of both employees and suppliers.

If you’d like to read additional related content or get involved with thought provoking discussions check out the Supply Chain Pros group – a one stop shop for all your supply chain needs.

After Saving Costs, Now Is The Time To Save The World!

We, as procurement professionals and as citizens, have a responsibility to take action to tackle the challenge of working sustainably.

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August 1, 2019: this could be when we reach the “Earth Overshoot Day” this year. For the rest of the year, we will be living on credit. When it comes to natural resources, that is.

“Earth Overshoot Day marks the date when humanity’s demand for ecological resources and services in a given year exceeds what Earth can regenerate in that year.” Source: OverShootDay.org

At the time of writing of this article, the actual date for Earth Overshoot Day is still unknown, but for several years in a row, we have reached the limit in early August. Based on this precedent, we can safely assume that it will be very similar this year. We may even reach it in July—a first! The situation also varies greatly by country. Some countries already reached it in February/March!

In short, this means that we would need 1.7 Earths to sustain our current level of consumption of natural resources.  Considering that we only have one Earth to go around, this is a very preoccupying statistic, and even more worrying is the trend and speed at which the day is arriving earlier and earlier each year:

This situation is clearly not sustainable and we, as procurement professionals and as citizens, have a responsibility to take action to tackle this challenge.

The end of the tragedy of the commons?

 “The tragedy of the commons is an economic theory of a situation within a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting that resource through their collective action.” Source: Wikipedia

To exit the tragedy of the commons, there is an urgent need for us to mobilise and act on a global scale. All economic actors have a role to play.

Governmental institutions can foster sustainability in two major ways. Firstly, by investing in businesses, research, and infrastructure and secondly, by creating regulations and policies to develop and promote socially- and environmentally-friendly practices. By adopting the right mix of carrot and stick, governments can steer behaviors and economic growth towards more favorable and sustainable outcomes.

Investors/shareholders also have an essential role to play, because by exercising their influence, they can push organizations to make sustainability a top priority. In fact, many green companies go beyond legal/governmental requirements and make sustainability the heart of their business model.

“[T]he next phase of business sustainability, what we call “market transformation,” is founded on a model of business transforming the market. Instead of waiting for a market shift to create incentives for sustainable practices, companies are creating those shifts to enable new forms of business sustainability.” The Next Phase of Business Sustainability in The Stanford Social Innovation Review (SSIR)

These companies and investors understand their obligations and interests, because the long-term survival of an organization depends on the health of its surrounding ecosystem. The concept of “Creating Shared Value” explains why a new type of investors is becoming more visible and active:

“Impact investing has become a broad umbrella that includes all investing with a focus on both financial return and social impact, but in its best form, impact investing prioritizes impact over returns and achieves outcomes that traditional investing cannot.”Jacqueline Novogratz, founder, and CEO of Acumen, a non-profit global venture capital fund whose goal is to use entrepreneurial approaches to address global poverty

Consumers represent another powerful force. Not only do they drive demand, their buying decisions also have the power to influence what products companies produce and, to some extent, how they produce them. The growth of the “business of sustainability” and of the “circular economy” are indicators of this shift.

So, when we ask ourselves who has the power to create a more sustainable future, the answer is really:  all of us. We can all exercise our influence as voters, investors, collaborators, and consumers to drive sustainable policies and practices forward.

And, when it comes to sustainability, procurement professionals have even more power than most!

Sustainable Procurement

Procurement plays a central role in transferring value from the upstream supply chain to the downstream of the chain. This means that, Procurement is the key player that enables a business to also “walk the walk” when it comes to sustainability by looking beyond prices and costs. Concepts like total cost/value of ownership (TC/VO) are not new, but they are still not commonly used, especially when integrating the impact on the ecosystem into TVO models.

For any sustainability efforts to be effective, businesses need to take a holistic approach. This is why truly “sustainable procurement” encompasses aspects related to the environment, labor & human rights, business ethics and, community development.

Many mature procurement organizations have already started to incorporate some of these aspects into their procurement approach, but the goal of these sustainability measures is often limited to “risk prevention.” Brand/reputation protection has long been a key motivating factor for organizations that have considered integrating sustainability into their approach.

And, as mentioned earlier, there is more to it than that. Sustainability can also be an engine for growth. So, to harness the full potential of sustainable procurement, procurement organizations must first understand and be aware of their role/duty, and then act accordingly to embed sustainability in all their activities. For example:

  • Sourcing decisions: Include sustainability in TVO models (e.g. CO2 footprint, use of best available techniques, supplier diversity, etc.)
  • Contract Management.: Incorporate sustainability clauses (e.g. reduction of waste/energy consumption, recycling, supporting disadvantaged or marginalized groups in the community, reporting on sustainability aspects, etc.)
  • Supplier evaluations: Integrate quantitative and qualitative criteria into scoring models and develop real-time scorecards that also leverage 3rd party data and public sources of information

“The obligation, and the self‑interest of every company is to build a robust society.” Tim O’Reilly

Sustainability is a challenge that requires the urgent attention of all of us. As Procurement professionals, our responsibility is even greater. Therefore, we should embed sustainability in everything we do and, as much as we are able, we should become the consciences of our organizations by ensuring that sustainability is not just an empty vision, but a practice. To do this successfully, we must ensure that suppliers

  • behave correctly in terms of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
  • use performance indicators related to Environmental, Social and Governance criteria (ESG)

Only then can we play a role similar to an investor by following SRI (Sustainable, Responsible and Impact Investing) principles when making decisions and assessing options. This represents a much better purpose and meaning than just cost savings!

Redefining Procurement Excellence At The World Procurement Awards

Earlier this month Procurement Leaders hosted the World Procurement Awards 2019. And the winners are…


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Earlier this month Procurement Leaders hosted the World Procurement Awards 2019. The winners joined the ranks of the trailblazers before them and received the opportunity to proclaim their excellence to the world.

Now in their 13th year, The World Procurement Awards, in association with SAP Ariba, are the most celebrated and sought-after awards in procurement, recognising the most progressive people, projects and organisations across the globe.

The 2019 winners were announced during a prestigious ceremony hosted by Great British Bake Off presenter, Sandi Toksvig at the InterContinental London, The O2. The ceremony brought together 1,000 procurement elite and closed out the inaugural World Procurement Week, following the new Indirect Category Leadership Forum and industry-leading World Procurement Congress.

The independent regional judging panels were highly impressed with the quality of this year’s submissions: “The quality of the submissions is deeply impressive! What comes across clearly in almost all submissions is a
play-to-win mindset. We are fortunate to have that many top-notch procurement organizations across the globe creating real value for their companies.” Thomas Rothe, SVP, Procurement International, Strategy &
Governance, Bayer AG.

“It’s been an honour to serve as a judge for the awards. The process has been eye-opening as to the incredible progress being made by leaders of the function in areas from CSR to digital transformation, and becoming trusted advisors to their business stakeholders.” Howard Richman, CPO, Citrix Systems

All entries endure a thorough three-stage judging process, to ensure complete transparency and guarantee that the winners really are the best of the best. As another judge, Cindy Elliott, VP – Global Strategic Sourcing
at The Clorox Company explains: “To achieve the honour of being on the shortlist of winning entries, your submission is among the best-in-class of procurement being judged by leaders of multiple companies in a rigorous 3-step process! Congratulations!”

Other judges on the 2019 panel included senior representatives from Bugaboo International, Cisco, IBM Corporation, Mondelēz International, Novozymes, Siemens Healthineers, Swiss Re, and many more global leaders.

Congratulations to all winners and finalists and thank you to everyone who took the time to enter. We were overwhelmed with the sheer number of entrants and the evident innovation and passion displayed through these submissions.

World Procurement Awards 2019 Winners

Procurement Consultancy Project Award
Winner – MyBiz Solutions
Highly Commended – PwC

Procurement Technology Award
Winner – GEP
Highly Commended – Scoutbee

P2P Specialist Provider Award
Winner – Ivalua
Highly Commended – BuyerQuest

Corporate Social Responsibility Award, Partnered by EcoVadis
Winner – Mars Incorporated

Innovation Award, Partnered by Ivalua
Winner – Tomorrow Street (joint venture between Vodafone and Technoport)

Cross-Functional Collaboration Award
Winner – Mondelēz International
Highly Commended – GSK

External Collaboration Award, Partnered by Vizibl
Winner – China Mobile

Future Leader Award, Partnered by Capita Procurement Solutions
Winner – Cate Warman-Powell, BT, London

Risk Management Award, Partnered by IntegrityNext
Winner – Clariant

Supply Chain Initiative Award, Partnered by Maistro
Winner – IBM

Talent & Development Award
Winner – Turkcell

The ConnXus Supplier Diversity & Inclusion Award, Partnered by ConnXus
Winner – UNOPS

The GEP Procurement Team Award, Partnered by GEP
Winner – Heineken

The h&z Transformation Award
Transforming External Partnerships
Pioneering business impact Partnered by h&z

Winner – Vodafone Procurement Company

The h&z Transformation Award
Transforming External Partnerships
Pioneering business impact Partnered by h&z 

Winner – Vodafone Procurement Company

Internal Transformation
Establishing the function Partnered by h&z

Winner – Adidas

Cross-Functional Transformation Developing strong internal relationships Partnered by h&z 
Winner – Save the Children International
Highly Commended – Zalando

The SAP Ariba Procurement Excellence Award, Partnered by SAP Ariba
Winner – Vestas Wind Systems

The Smart Cube Procurement Leader Award, Partnered by The Smart Cube
Winner – Gary Foster, Highmark Health

Lifetime Achievement Award
Winner – Robert Monczka

Is Artificial Intelligence Destroying Your Job?

Just because a machine can learn from mistakes doesn’t mean it is self-aware and about to deploy robots to destroy humanity throughout time and space.  But it does mean that increasingly, machines can take on more and more human work.

By Leremy / Shutterstock

On 11 February this year, President Trump signed an executive order directing US government agencies to prioritise investments in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research and development. There isn’t any detail on how the AI Leadership executive order will be paid for, but as a statement of intent right from the top, it’s pretty powerful.  So, is this something you need to worry about?  Will robots be taking your job next Tuesday?  Probably not, but the answer is not as reassuring as it sounds.

When we think of AI, we probably think of Skynet (the evil computer that hunts humans in the Terminator films) or the similar tricked-up calculator that is the meanie in the Matrix films.  But real AI is a little more mundane.  It is more likely to be making sure your car headlights are on when you need them (and not on when you don’t), sending a nuisance spam call to your voice-mail or suggesting the next thing to watch on Netflix.  AI is the catchall term for software that can solve problems based on rules rather than a linear set of fixed instructions.  Really advanced AI can modify the rules based on how things turned out the last time or patterns that it detects in the environment.

Just because a machine can learn from mistakes doesn’t mean it is self-aware and about to deploy robots to destroy humanity throughout time and space.  But it does mean that increasingly, machines can take on more and more human work.  In recent decades we have seen this kind of automation steadily eat away at assembly line jobs as increasingly AI driven robots replace workers performing limited and repetitive functions.  A robot can sort big apples from small oranges more efficiently than a human and it never needs to take a break (or be paid). 

As the technology advances, it’s starting to creep into areas we might have thought of as immune from automation.  Medical diagnosis is increasingly the target for deep learning AI, the kind that recognises patterns and makes predictions based on those patterns.  During their career a doctor might see a few thousand x-rays or MRI images and get better at noticing patterns.  But AI software can review every x-ray ever made before the doctor has finished her morning coffee. 

A recent study, for example, compared the diagnostic precision of AI software with that of teams of specialist doctors from all over China.  The AI software was 87 per cent accurate in diagnosing brain tumours in 15 minutes.  The doctors could only diagnose 67 per cent and needed twice as much time to do it.  The AI increased precision and saved time because it was able to learn from a much larger base of experience than any individual doctor or team of doctors ever could. It uses like this that are why AI is predicted to add $15 trillion to the global economy by 2030.

President Trump joined the 18 other countries that have announced AI strategies since March 2017, because he wants the US to be a leader in AI rather than a follower.  And it is why investment in AI based startups jumped 72 per cent to almost $10 billion in 2018 alone.  

And even though some analysts are predicting 1.8 million jobs will be lost to AI in 2019 alone, those same analysts are predicting that the AI industry will create 2.3 million jobs in the same timeframe.  You can’t buy buggy whips now because the industry that created them was destroyed by Henry Ford, but there are many more jobs in the automobile industry he created than there ever were in the one he killed.

When analysts from McKinsey looked at the employment impact of AI in five sectors last year, they concluded that jobs which use basic cognitive skills, such as data input, manipulation and processing will likely decline, while demand for higher cognitive, social and emotional, and advanced technological skills should grow, as will the number of jobs that require customer and staff interaction and management.

If your job could be classified as administrative support then the future does not look bright.  And even if it requires you to do years of training so you can manipulate or recognise patterns in data, like those Chinese doctors, a financial analyst or a military strategist then AI will be coming to a workstation near you within the foreseeable future.  Humans are still a little too messy and unpredictable for the average AI bot.  So, if your job needs you to interact with humans and please them, such as in direct sales, management or counselling, then you are probably safe, for now.  And of course, if you are writing the programs that drive the AI then your career is assured.

AI is rapidly changing the face of the modern workplace.  And while nothing much will change by the end of the year, by the end of the decade, most jobs will be unrecognisable.  You’ve been warned. It’s time to transform yourself from a data geek to a people-person, before your computer takes your job.

Want to get your wheels turning towards a supply chain career one could only dream of? Then don’t miss our upcoming Career Boot Camp with IBM – a free 5-part podcast series with some of the very best of the best. Check it out here: https://www.procurious.com/career-boot-camp-2019

Making Supply Chain Your Organisation’s Competitive Advantage

In order to succeed, a business must be able to deliver more value to customers than its competitors. How do you make supply chain your organisation’s competitive advantage?

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In order to succeed, a business must be able to deliver more value to customers than its competitors. It is becoming more difficult to find, develop and sustain these opportunities in the rapidly evolving business landscape.  The free movement of people across borders, developments in technology and real-time communications add complexity to global supply chain management. World trade is highly competitive, constantly changing and volatile.

As a result, supply chains today need to become more strategic. They are multi-layered, integrated manufacturing and distribution systems that, to work efficiently, need to be optimised on a continuous basis.

Technology

Automation of manufacturing using robotics and self-driving equipment in factories is now commonplace.  Software solutions and telematics improve information sharing, processing, and analysis of data which is converted into usable information to inform policy and operational decisions. However, it’s important to ensure that technology investments are based upon business needs – and not just the newest tech available.

Areas of competitive advantage

Many global businesses now compete on the basis of their supply chain capabilities rather than only on their product lines.  Leaders with efficient supply chains such as Wal-Mart, Proctor and Gamble, Tata Motors, and Unilever focus on rationalizing each activity in their supply chains. They constantly monitor costs, demand patterns, lead limes and administrative processes to achieve competitive advantage while applying relevant technologies.  

Cost of goods sold (COGS)

Reducing the cost of goods sold can be achieved through a more focused approach to procurement including price negotiation and strategic sourcing.  Inventory, distribution and freight costs are specific target areas where the potential to save can be found.  Walmart runs a retail compliance program that defines when, how and where their supplier must deliver. This helps the company reduce its costs by adjusting its storage and distribution needs in line with customer demand. This means lower prices for the customer.    

Freight costs can be managed down by outsourcing delivery logistics where there are potential economies of scale.  Telematics is used extensively by third-party-logistics providers (3PLs) to provide visibility into the movement of goods, both in the warehouse and in transit, and ensure their safety.   

Shorter lead times

There are many delays experienced in supply chains.  Some of these are because of slow processing of orders due to cash flow challenges, batching of orders, organizing shipping and freight and slow communication processes.

One of the main methods by which a business can drive increased value is by decreasing these lead times. Both business- and consumer-facing companies are experiencing increased demand for faster shipments. Speedy deliveries can have a significant impact on sales. Amazon Prime customers will often pay more for guaranteed next day delivery.

Flexible demand management

Technology now provides us with forecasts of future customer demand using artificial intelligence tools. Predictive analytics are extremely useful in determining the optimum seasonal stockholdings and allows us to prepare suppliers for increases in demand. 

A flexible supply chain can quickly adjust to fluctuations in supply and demand keeping inventory down when interest is buying is low but being agile enough to respond to spikes in demand.

Documentation and administration

Streamlined and slick documentation and administrative processes in the supply chain are a great competitive advantage.  Reducing re-work and duplication, increasing visibility and smoothing communication channels are real advantages.  Supply contracts and service level agreements are often neglected areas that create hold-ups and expensive errors.  Some progressive organizations are using blockchain technology for maximum visibility and security.      

Insource or outsource?

The decision of whether to outsource manufacturing and/or services depends on in-house capabilities. Ideally, areas where competency or capacity are lacking are prime candidates for outsourcing.   Some larger organizations have the capital and resources to manufacture their own products, others will typically outsource their manufacturing to white-label providers.   Building internal warehousing, logistics and distribution facilities is a major undertaking and capital intensive. Successful outsourcing contracts in this category have robust service level agreements and detailed contingency plans. 

Supplier relationship management (SRM)

SRM is a huge topic and ranges from simple tasks such as paying suppliers on time to developing long-term collaborative partnerships with suppliers for mutual benefit and to promote innovation.  Leading companies in SRM such as Nestle, Toyota and Coca-Cola treat key suppliers like collaborators to get them integrated and prepared to take extra steps to ensure quality and speed.

Sustainability

A sustainable supply chain makes long term business sense.  Consumer awareness of environmental and social issues is growing around the world. IKEA is one of many companies that work with suppliers on a variety of challenges, from energy efficiency to sourcing materials responsibly.  Ignoring this trend may create reputational damage that takes years to restore.  

Conclusion

Effectively making use of rapidly advancing technology could be the key to leveraging your supply chain to get ahead of the competition. Difficulties in supply chain management occur due to evolving complexities and interdependencies. Companies that work on achieving continuous improvement through consistently and persistently working on strengthening linkages will drive competitive advantage.  

If you’d like to read additional related content or get involved with thought provoking discussions check out the Supply Chain Pros group – a one stop shop for all your supply chain needs.


A Cross-Industry Look At Direct vs Indirect Spend

Vishal Patel explores the difference between direct and indirect spend across three different industries…

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The most fundamental spend categorisation in procurement is the line between direct and indirect spend, but one effort that transcends this split is supplier management. This includes supplier information management, supply chain risk management/mitigation, and supplier performance management.

Whether spend is direct or indirect, supplier information should be maintained centrally and with a high level of accuracy. Who is the supplier, who are the points of contract, what are the terms of service or delivery? How much spend does the company have with the supplier and for what? As long as indirect suppliers are meeting expectations, they are doing what is required. Direct spend suppliers, on the other hand, must deliver a different level of ROI. Meeting expectations is the foundation for strategic partnership and collaboration.

Manufacturing

In manufacturing, materials, components and assemblies that will be sold to customers are direct spend while facilities, equipment, consumable supplies and MRO are indirect.

Direct suppliers often become strategic partners because the company’s collaborative efforts with them have a direct impact on innovative potential. They make it possible to develop products that lead to the expansion of market share and profit margin, both through their product offerings and their ideas. They sometimes participate in the R&D process, adding their IP to the company’s own.

Because of the key contributions these supply partners make to corporate performance, procurement needs to pay far more attention to risk and quality issues – whether they are present in the supplier or in their supply chain. Ensuring continuity of supply is far more critical when a supplier is a strategic partner and difficult to replace.

Most indirect supplier relationships are far more transactional, although services and deliveries still have to be dependable. Customer orders can’t be filled on time if machines don’t run, safety supplies are out of stock or facilities are poorly maintained. While procurement might not consider these relationships strategic, they are critical nonetheless. What you don’t necessarily want to do is separate your direct and indirect supplier information, risk and performance management efforts, ideally, you want to be able to look across all suppliers and spend.

Financial Services

One could make the case that financial services firms have no direct spend. Since salaries are beyond procurement’s purview, nothing the company ‘buys’ is resold to customers. That said, supplier information and relationship management are still high priority efforts. Risk and regulatory compliance requirements span nearly all categories of spend, and address global, high-profile concerns such as bribery, corruption, and data protection and privacy. We’ve all heard of KYC (know your customer) initiatives in banking for example. KYC has now gone beyond verifying and monitoring customers of the financial institution and now also often includes suppliers that provide IT solutions that touch the FI’s infrastructure (and thus their customers) called know-your-suppliers (KYS). For instance, a key piece of information that is often difficult to find but critical is knowing the ultimate parent of a supplier.

Although the vast majority of a financial services company’s spend is indirect, it can still affect the top line. In the case of banks, for instance, property management is critical to securing and maintaining customer loyalty and reinforcing brand identity. The remainder of indirect spend includes the ‘usual suspects’ like office supplies, travel and IT/telecom but often with a heavy services procurement need

Healthcare

Not unlike financial services, procurement teams in healthcare organisations are predominantly focused on indirect spend. The primary exceptions are the equipment and facilities that patients come into contact with. These indirect spend items have a direct impact on patient satisfaction despite not being resold. Machines must be running, supplies must be plentiful, and facilities must be spotless.

For the rest of indirect spend, Group Purchasing Organizations (GPOs) are common, based on the fact that the vast majority of transactional purchases are common across institutions. There are cases, however, where physicians need to have additional selection authority. These non-standard items, often referred to as Physician’s Preference Items (PPI), can present a challenge in terms of finding a qualified source and managing the cost and supply of the items. Those purchases, while indirect, do justify closer and more strategic supplier relationships, similar to a direct materials supplier

Supplier management is spend management – although the information, risks, and relationships vary by category and industry. Procurement’s challenge is knowing which supplier relationships are strategic and deserving of additional effort and which are not (but still knowing who they are) – regardless of the type of spend in question. Overall, having a strong supplier management capability and technology can work as a solid foundation to accelerate and improve digitisation and transformation efforts in all areas of procurement.

Ivalua is sponsoring the upcoming Procurious London CPO roundtable on 29th May. If you’re a CPO and would like to attend one of our roundtables in person please contact Olga Luscombe via [email protected] to request an invitation.

7 Ways For Procurement To Drive Innovation 

How can procurement professionals drive innovation within their organisation, by working closely under the CEO.

By jamesteohart/ Shutterstock

 “Conformity to the present is invisibility to the future.”  

Stefan Molyneux

Innovation is anything but business as usual. As procurement professionals, we are responsible for thinking of new ways of creating value, thereby bringing innovation into our organisations. We also have access to the most internal functional stakeholder teams and often act as a bridge between different departments on communicating key strategies. We have access to the outside world via our external supplier database. This puts us in a unique position to drive innovation even for new product development or ideas, in addition to bringing in supplier driven innovation

Have you read the fascinating fable centered around innovation called “How Stella saved the farm”? It is loosely inspired by the George Orwell classic, ‘Animal Farm’. It illustrates a framework of not just thinking about innovation, but also implementing it. Innovation is not a person or a department. It is a mindset. The approach outlined in the book can be replicated across any organisation that is willing to learn by doing.  In the book, the CEO, Dierdre appoints a horse called Mav as the ‘Innovation Leader’. As per a recent data from Entrepreneur magazine, 61 per cent of CEOs consider innovation a top priority and describe a lack of resources and a structured process as top challenges. I could not help but wonder if procurement can help organisations overcome these challenges due to the extended role we play as a “harbinger of innovation”.

The fable is about a mare called Dierdre who inherits her father’s profitable animal farm as the CEO and must find breakthrough new business idea to survive beyond the next few years. She is chosen to run the farm by her father over “The Bull” who learnt everything from her father and worked exactly like him. The Bull is naturally dissatisfied at not being chosen to run the farm. Stella is the bright, young sheep who travels the world and brings a new idea of running luxury wool (derived from Peruvian alpaca) business to the farm. Thus, begins the journey of implementing this idea with the help and expertise of all animals in the farm.

Here is my hypothesis on how Procurement can drive this process in the organisation, by working closely under the organisation’s CEO.

1) Need for Innovation:  In the words of Albert Einstein,” If you always do what you always did, you will always get what you always got.” The first step in the process of implementing innovation is the realization and honest acceptance that you need it. This understanding must be reflected unanimously across the organization.

2) Process for getting a breakthrough idea: The second stage is obviously pitching for “breakthrough” ideas to unleash creativity without defining restricted metrics. And what better way to get it than from your team and key internal stakeholders who know what a breakthrough can be, with the least effort and investment. Here, it can be procurement’s job to engage all departments. This exercise should lead to a creative dialogue to evaluate the ideas holistically and end with the selection of the right best idea to focus collective organisation energy on.

3) Communication to the right channels at the right time: As they say, ‘Finding the right idea is only the beginning’, so an organisation working on a new idea would allocate resources towards it and communicate the priorities to the different departments and across the hierarchy. This is easier said than done, as many changes will occur during the project and the communication on changed priorities will often end up making teams confused on what roles they need to play for the idea. Procurement can ensure that changes are articulated clearly and explained to everyone throughout the idea execution so that everyone is involved in playing their roles. Thus, leveraging our project management skills and providing stewardship.

4) Flexible organisation structure to facilitate new areas: During innovation, it becomes important that organisation structure is not set in stone and can change as you discover the bottlenecks in the implementation. Procurement can be proactive in identifying these bottlenecks by working across departments and suggesting corrective changes. 

5) Facing Reality of what the customer wants: Sounds like the most obvious one, though it could be an acid test to know if you are producing what you can, or are you producing exactly what the customer wants you to produce. At the time of idea testing, procurement can engage its external resources to do a deep dive on the customer need and provide concrete data on the idea. If the data suggests that the idea should be modified or changed to meet market requirement, then procurement would need to influence a change in strategy in line with customer needs.

6) Organisation culture issues: These are bound to happen for an organisation trying to embrace change. It would involve “letting go of control” for some team members and it is one of the most difficult tasks to do in the way of change to make an inclusive environment. Procurement’s role could be to team up closely with CEO and HR to resolve these issues timely.

7) Measuring the Innovation:  Procurement pros need to work on defining metrics for measuring innovation such as defining a clear hypothesis, identifying most critical unknowns while planning, analysing results and deciphering the lessons learnt. These will help drive innovation culture within the organisation in the long term.

Organisations can reflect on below questions more objectively during a new idea development or innovation process- 

Is our idea a breakthrough idea? Are we making something that the customer wants? Do we have the right team structure? Are we communicating enough and well? Are we learning to innovate? Are we measuring innovation in the right way?

They would often discover that what they assume to be a fault with the idea, is sometimes more a fault with the execution. This is where giving clear ownership to procurement as ‘Innovation Leaders’ would help as procurement brings in its existing skills and develops further its skills of cross-company collaboration, communication and influence.  

What do you think about procurement playing the role of ‘Innovation Leaders’ for new products or ideas in your organisations?  What could be the challenges we face if we take up this role? How do you think we can overcome those challenges?

What Every Procurement Professional Needs To Know About Music

How much should you pay for using music in a commercial?

By PopTika/ Shutterstock

Around 70 per cent of TV commercials use music in one form or another. That is a lot of music. And a lot of money being paid by brands and their agencies to the music industry.

Procurement departments ask us three questions:

  • Can you explain to me why we are paying so much for music?
  • Where can we make savings without compromising creativity?
  • How do we know that the music we are paying for works?

Library music (with their regulated rate cards) still often feels like the poor relation to the agency creative team. Fees for commissioned music and new productions can be as creative as the music itself. And copyright owners don’t have rate cards because it is forbidden by law.

So, to a Brand and their procurement departments, negotiation on music rights can feel like operating blindfold. The underlying challenge is that the parties involved all have a different agenda. Procurement needs to work within the budget. The creative teams don’t want to know about budgets – they just want the track that they believe works with their brilliant visuals. And the TV producers have a harder job than David Davis at the Brexit table with a deal that works all round. No wonder there is tension between the will of the agency and the chequebook of the brand.

Giving a straight answer to a brand about buying music usually demands more questions:

  • Do you have a full breakdown of your music spend, beyond a total amount spent?
  • Do you know where you are spending your money and with whom over the last three years?
  • Do you or the people who buy music on your behalf have a music-buying strategy that you have seen and approved?
  • Do you have centralised buying of music across all agencies and all media?
  • Do you ever test the music you buy which goes beyond ‘like’ and ‘dislike’?

It is still common practice for music to be a one-off consideration for each campaign and for each agency production department to negotiate and buy music. Very often, final decisions about the music are left to the last minute in the editing suite, when the creatives make up their minds what works best. But when things are left to the last minute, people are under pressure to negotiate.

And when things happen this fast it is harder to justify taking time to test the resonance of a track with the desired target market.

But these two apparently small steps have vital ramification on the final outcomes. I know of a brand where the music was changed in the editing suite for the sake of saving €15,000. Six months and €7.5 million later, when consumer testing did take place, the brand was mortified to discover that the last-minute music change meant that consumers missed the point of the ad completely – in hindsight, a very expensive cost saving.

It’s natural for people to spend money on the things they care about, whether they are fully aware of it or not. In business, however, we have to be aware and strategic. If buying music is still seen as a one-off transaction and the discussions about the costs feels like one from ‘Groundhog Day’, then something has to change.

There is not one solution for all companies, but having a music-buying strategy is a good starting point. It removes ambiguity and puts measurable systems in place. For the above – mentioned brand, it meant ongoing savings of 25 – 30 per cent year on year with commercials that scored well in post-production testing.

If music is not to be regarded as an expensive indulgence, we need to liberate those involved in the creative process and hand it over to people who are not, but still have all parties’ interests clearly in focus.

Ultimately, having real figures about music spend will make it easier for planning, production, and marketing teams to justify their budget requirements. That will be good news all round.

This article was originally published on Sound Lounge

The Three Keys To Building More Influence

How are you letting perfection get in the way of offering an important (and influential) contribution?  

By Rawpixel.com /Shutterstock

Have you ever wondered why some people are able to lead and influence those around them while others are left out in the cold?

They may be less charismatic, a poor presenter or frightfully timid, yet they influenced the other party enough to move them through to a decision where perhaps you couldn’t?

In many cases, the element that stood them apart from the crowd was nothing more than trust – trust that that person was genuine, capable and had the integrity to stand by their word.

Confucius said: “Better a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without”. Voltaire wrote: “Perfect is the enemy of good”.

In decades past, huge fortunes were made by organisations that understood this. Companies like General Electric, Westinghouse and Ford Motor Company all dominated their respective fields through this principle.

Very little has changed since those days – despite the increasing sophistication of advertising and corporate shine. The Nielsen Global Online Consumer Survey claims that only 33% of people now trust brands, while 90% of people trust service or individual recommendations directly from people they ‘feel’ they know.

I want you to pay attention to that last part – ‘feel they know’. What does it take to feel you know someone?

In my world that’s called influence. It involves sharing enough of yourself so that I trust your intent. It involves stepping out and letting your voice be heard. Having the courage to leave the jargon behind – and share real insights, predictions and opportunities based on the hard yards of your experience.

Those who can build this level of connection – either online or in your organisation – generate more engagement, have a greater impact on decision-making, a more frequent seat at the table and face less opposition when it comes to implementing change.

So how do we do it?

More process, less perfect

If the average social media feed – or corporate presentation – were to be believed, just about every single one of us would look like we’re a) getting the perfect results b) enjoying an endless cycle of tropical beach holidays, or c) tucking into the world’s best meal in the fanciest restaurant in town.

If we’re looking to create real engagement, a ‘polished and perfect’ image just won’t cut it.

It takes courage to show vulnerability and let people know that our results and lives aren’t always perfect (and therefore we aren’t always perfect). And yet – here’s the irony. That’s exactly the most impactful thing we can reveal.

Show me a mistake you made – and I will know you have the courage to pick yourself back up when things go wrong – the curiosity to get to the bottom of what doesn’t work – and the tenacity to keep going until a better solution is found.

Tell me about a question you haven’t been able to answer yet – and I will feel invited to contribute – impressed by your determination to always get better – and connected in the shared vulnerability of not knowing it all.

Essentially – I will feel something. As opposed to the disconnection we are often left with when only someone’s ‘best moments’ are shared.

Be intentional and capable

While we don’t want to portray a picture-perfect image, that doesn’t mean that we should be showing up looking tired, unprofessional or underprepared either.

If our goal is to build trust and influence others then it’s far more effective to be intentional, and to reveal those intentions to our target audience, rather than flounder around without direction.

We need to show that we’re capable of handling the challenges that are thrown at us. We might make mistakes along the way, but we also need to make it crystal clear that we have a clear direction about how we will move forward despite setbacks.

Talking about what is important to us, the ideas behind our intentions, the experiences that led us to those ideas and our goals for the future – these are the traits of trusted leaders.

Take us on a journey

If you’ve been working on your project for weeks and had to scrap the whole concept and start again with a new approach, write about it!

Create a monthly update for your team or stakeholders. Start a blog. Let your audience know that you are there to out-contribute everyone else in your field. That you’re willing to share what you’ve learnt, and as a result the future trends, opportunities or challenges you see coming in your field.

They’ll appreciate the fact that you’re letting them follow your journey – and will value the end result infinitely more if they know your history and feel involved in the process along the way.

It also gives them more exposure to you as a person, and the longer they keep you in their lives, the more likely they are to trust you.

Many project managers make the mistake of keeping their project under wraps until it’s 100% complete – and ready to reveal to their organisation with a big fanfare.

The problem with that plan is that the audience hasn’t been taken along on the journey – so the end-product they’re presented with fails to get any attention. A little like watching the final five minutes of a movie and trying to care about the characters or plot!

So – what’s the bottom line?

I want you to take a step back from any place where perfection is currently holding you back. From engagement, from sharing your mastery, experience or insights. From essentially stepping out and actually being seen.

Then I want you to ask yourself these questions – what passionately imperfect contribution could I make here? How am I hiding behind technical language and not revealing the real story or opportunity? How can I invite others to contribute and engage with the outcome?

Do those things – and I promise you will significantly increase your influence (and results) in all the places where it counts. J